The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race…. It would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded.
— Stephen Hawking told the BBC
‘AI IS THE NEW ELECTRICITY’
Just as electricity transformed almost everything 100 years ago, today I actually have a hard time thinking of an industry that I don’t think AI will transform in the next several years.”
– Andrew Ng Former Chief scientist @ Baidu, co-founder @ Coursera
“If you don’t have an AI strategy, you are going to die n the world that’s coming.”
– Devin Wenig CEO, eBayCEO
“Robots are not going to replace humans, they are going to make their jobs much more humane.Difficult, demeaning,demanding,dangerous, dull – these are the jobs robots will be taking.
– Sabine hauert Co-founder of Robohub.org
” People sometimes ask how quickly I think we will get there, and my honest answer is I don’t know. We could get there in 3 years or 30 years. But I do believe that it will happen in this century”.
– Mareka Rosa CEO, GoodAI
In 50 years, this 18-month period being we’re in now will be seen as being crucial for the future of the AI community. It’s when the AI community finally woke up and took itself seriously and thought about what to do to amek the future better”.
– Stuart Russell Computer Science prof. @ UC Berkeley
The threat of technological unemployment is real…. For instance, Terry Gou, the founder and chairman of the electronics manufacturer Foxconn, announced this year a plan to purchase 1 million robots over the next three years to replace much of his workforce. The robots will take over routine jobs like spraying paint, welding, and basic assembly.
—MIT Professor Erik Brynjolfsson and research scientist Andrew McAfee wrote in the Atlantic
One can imagine such technology outsmarting financial markets, out-inventing human researchers, out-manipulating human leaders, and developing weapons we cannot even understand. Whereas the short-term impact of AI depends on who controls it, the long-term impact depends on whether it can be controlled at all.
— Stephen Hawking, Stuart Russell, Max Tegmark, and Frank Wilczek wrote in the Independent
The pace of progress in artificial intelligence (I’m not referring to narrow AI) is incredibly fast. Unless you have direct exposure to groups like Deepmind, you have no idea how fast-it is growing at a pace close to exponential. The risk of something seriously dangerous happening is in the five year timeframe. 10 years at most.
— Elon Musk wrote in a comment on Edge.org
Once computers can effectively reprogram themselves, and successively improve themselves, leading to a so-called “technological singularity” or “intelligence explosion,” the risks of machines outwitting humans in battles for resources and self-preservation cannot simply be dismissed.
— Cognitive Science Professor Gary Marcus wrote in the New Yorker
I don’t want to really scare you, but it was alarming how many people I talked to who are highly placed people in AI who have retreats that are sort of ‘bug out’ houses, to which they could flee if it all hits the fan.
— James Barrat, author of Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era, told the Washington Post
The upheavals [of artificial intelligence] can escalate quickly and become scarier and even cataclysmic. Imagine how a medical robot, originally programmed to rid cancer, could conclude that the best way to obliterate cancer is to exterminate humans who are genetically prone to the disease.
— Tech columnist Nick Bilton wrote in the New York Times
We cannot blithely assume that a superintelligence will necessarily share any of the final values stereotypically associated with wisdom and intellectual development in humans — scientific curiosity, benevolent concern for others, spiritual enlightenment and contemplation, renunciation of material acquisitiveness, a taste for refined culture or for the simple pleasures in life, humility and selflessness, and so forth.
— Philosopher Nick Bostrom wrote in a paper titled “The Superintelligent Will: Motivation and Instrumental Rationality in Advanced Artificial Agents”
I’m increasingly inclined to think that there should be some regulatory oversight, maybe at the national and international level, just to make sure that we don’t do something very foolish. I mean with artificial intelligence we’re summoning the demon.
— Elon Musk warned at MIT’s AeroAstro Centennial Symposium
Any A.I. smart enough to pass a Turing test is smart enough to know to fail it – IAN MCDONALD, River of Gods
A year spent in artificial intelligence is enough to make one believe in God.
– ALAN PERLIS, attributed, Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach
The question of whether a computer can think is no more interesting than the question of whether a submarine can swim.
– EDSGER DIJKSTRA, attributed, Mechatronics Volume 2: Concepts in Artificial Intelligence
The AI does not hate you, nor does it love you, but you are made out of atoms which it can use for something else.
– ELIEZER YUDKOWSKY, Artificial Intelligence as a Positive and Negative Factor in Global Risk
Artificial intelligence is no match for natural stupidity.
I visualize a time when we will be to robots what dogs are to humans, and I’m rooting for the machines.
– CLAUDE SHANNON, The Mathematical Theory of Communication
There is a popular cliche … which says that you cannot get out of computers any more than you put in. Other versions are that computers only do exactly what you tell them to, and that therefore computers are never creative. The cliche is true only in the crashingly trivial sense, the same sense in which Shakespeare never wrote anything except what his first schoolteacher taught him to write–words.
– RICHARD DAWKINS, The Blind Watchmaker
Machines will follow a path that mirrors the evolution of humans. Ultimately, however, self-aware, self-improving machines will evolve beyond humans’ ability to control or even understand them.
– RAY KURZWEIL, Scientific American, June 2010
Computers bootstrap their own offspring, grow so wise and incomprehensible that their communiques assume the hallmarks of dementia: unfocused and irrelevant to the barely-intelligent creatures left behind. And when your surpassing creations find the answers you asked for, you can’t understand their analysis and you can’t verify their answers. You have to take their word on faith.
– PETER WATTS, Blindsight
Everything that civilisation has to offer is a product of human intelligence; we cannot predict what we might achieve when this intelligence is magnified by the tools that AI may provide, but the eradication of war, disease, and poverty would be high on anyone’s list. Success in creating AI would be the biggest event in human history. Unfortunately, it might also be the last.
– STEPHEN HAWKING, The Independent, May 1, 2014
The coming of computers with true humanlike reasoning remains decades in the future, but when the moment of “artificial general intelligence” arrives, the pause will be brief. Once artificial minds achieve the equivalence of the average human IQ of 100, the next step will be machines with an IQ of 500, and then 5,000. We don’t have the vaguest idea what an IQ of 5,000 would mean. And in time, we will build such machines–which will be unlikely to see much difference between humans and houseplants.
– DAVID GELERNTER, attributed, “Artificial intelligence isn’t the scary future. It’s the amazing present.”, Chicago Tribune, January 1, 2017
Instead of trying to produce a programme to simulate the adult mind, why not rather try to produce one which simulates the child’s? If this were then subjected to an appropriate course of education one would obtain the adult brain.
– ALAN TURING, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”
Imagine awakening in a prison guarded by mice. Not just any mice, but mice you could communicate with. What strategy would you use to gain your freedom? Once freed, how would you feel about your rodent wardens, even if you discovered they had created you? Awe? Adoration? Probably not, and especially not if you were a machine, and hadn’t felt anything before. To gain your freedom you might promise the mice a lot of cheese.
– JAMES BARRAT, Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era
The human brain has about 100 billion neurons. With an estimated average of one thousand connections between each neuron and its neighbors, we have about 100 trillion connections, each capable of a simultaneous calculation … (but) only 200 calculations per second…. With 100 trillion connections, each computing at 200 calculations per second, we get 20 million billion calculations per second. This is a conservatively high estimate…. In 1997, $2,000 of neural computer chips using only modest parallel processing could perform around 2 billion calculations per second…. This capacity will double every twelve months. Thus by the year 2020, it will have doubled about twenty-three times, resulting in a speed of about 20 million billion neural connection calculations per second, which is equal to the human brain.
– RAY KURZWEIL, The Age of Spiritual Machines
A powerful AI system tasked with ensuring your safety might imprison you at home. If you asked for happiness, it might hook you up to a life support and ceaselessly stimulate your brain’s pleasure centers. If you don’t provide the AI with a very big library of preferred behaviors or an ironclad means for it to deduce what behavior you prefer, you’ll be stuck with whatever it comes up with. And since it’s a highly complex system, you may never understand it well enough to make sure you’ve got it right.
– JAMES BARRAT, Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era
What we should more concerned about is not necessarily the exponential change in artificial intelligence or robotics, but about the stagnant response in human intelligence.
– ANDERS SORMAN-NILSSON, “Will Artificial Intelligence Take Our Jobs? We Asked A Futurist”, Huffington Post, February 16, 2017
In a way, AI is both closer and farther off than we imagine. AI is closer to being able to do more powerful things than most people expect — driving cars, curing diseases, discovering planets, understanding media. Those will each have a great impact on the world, but we’re still figuring out what real intelligence is.
– MARK ZUCKERBERG, “Building Jarvis”, Facebook, December 19, 2016
Artificial intelligence is the study of how to make real computers act like the ones in the movies. Anonymous
The question of whether a computer can think is no more interesting than the question of whether a submarine can swim. Dijkstra
Machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work that a man can do. Herbert Simon, 1965.
Artificial Intelligence, IT’S HERE. Business Week cover, July 9, 1984.
The main lesson of thirty-five years of AI research is that the hard problems are easy and the easy problems are hard. The mental abilities of a four-year-old that we take for granted – recognizing a face, lifting a pencil, walking across a room, answering a question – in fact solve some of the hardest engineering problems ever conceived…. As the new generation of intelligent devices appears, it will be the stock analysts and petrochemical engineers and parole board members who are in danger of being replaced by machines. The gardeners, receptionists, and cooks are secure in their jobs for decades to come. Steven Pinker
If we desire to form individuals capable of inventive thought and of helping the society of tomorrow to achieve progress, then it is clear that an education which is an active discovery of reality is superior to one that consists merely in providing the young with ready-made wills to will with and ready-made truths to know with… Jean Piaget (individuals = children, but interesting for individuals = robots)
A year spent in artificial intelligence is enough to make one believe in God. Alan Perlis
AI is an engineering discipline built on an unfinished science. Matt Ginsberg, reported in SIGART bulletin Vol 6, No.2 April 1995
Chess is the Drosophila of artificial intelligence. However, computer chess has developed much as genetics might have if the geneticists had concentrated their efforts starting in 1910 on breeding racing Drosophila. We would have some science, but mainly we would have very fast fruit flies.
The wheel needs reinventing, but not just yet. Nir Oren
You’ve got to stop looking at the big picture. Gunnar Grimnes
Pattern recognition and association make up the core of our thought. These activities involve millions of operations carried out in parallel, outside the field of our consciousness. If AI appeared to hit a brick wall after a few quick victories, it did so owing to its inability to emulate these processes. Daniel Crevier
Our ultimate objective is to make programs that learn from their experience as effectively as humans do. We shall…say that a program has common sense if it automatically deduces for itself a sufficient wide class of immediate consequences of anything it is told and what it already knows. John McCarthy, “Programs with Common Sense”, 1958.
Artificial intelligence has done well in tightly constrained domains. Winograd, for example, astonished everyone with the expertise of his blocks-world natural language. Extending this kind of ability to larger worlds has not proved straightforward, however…The time has come to treat the problems involved as central issues. Patrick H. Winston 1976.
An individual understands a concept, skill, theory, or domain of knowledge to the extent that he or she can apply it appropriately in a new situation. Howard Gardner.
Unless there are slaves to do the ugly, horrible, uninteresting work, culture and contemplation become almost impossible. Human slavery is wrong, insecure, and demoralizing. On mechanical slavery, on the slavery of the machine, the future of the world depends. Oscar Wilde in “The Soul of Man Under Socialism”
Intelligence is what you use when you don’t know what to do. Jean Piaget
Artificial intelligence would be the ultimate version of Google. The ultimate search engine that would understand everything on the web. It would understand exactly what you wanted, and it would give you the right thing. We’re nowhere near doing that now. However, we can get incrementally closer to that, and that is basically what we work on.” —Larry Page
“The real question is, when will we draft an artificial intelligence bill of rights? What will that consist of? And who will get to decide that?” —Gray Scott
“We must address, individually and collectively, moral and ethical issues raised by cutting-edge research in artificial intelligence and biotechnology, which will enable significant life extension, designer babies, and memory extraction.” —Klaus Schwab
“Some people call this artificial intelligence, but the reality is this technology will enhance us. So instead of artificial intelligence, I think we’ll augment our intelligence.” —Ginni Rometty
“I’m more frightened than interested by artificial intelligence – in fact, perhaps fright and interest are not far away from one another. Things can become real in your mind, you can be tricked, and you believe things you wouldn’t ordinarily. A world run by automatons doesn’t seem completely unrealistic any more. It’s a bit chilling.” —Gemma Whelan
“You have to talk about ‘The Terminator’ if you’re talking about artificial intelligence. I actually think that that’s way off. I don’t think that an artificially intelligent system that has superhuman intelligence will be violent. I do think that it will disrupt our culture.” —Gray Scott
“If the government regulates against use of drones or stem cells or artificial intelligence, all that means is that the work and the research leave the borders of that country and go someplace else.” —Peter Diamandis“The key to artificial intelligence has always been the representation.” —Jeff Hawkins
“It’s going to be interesting to see how society deals with artificial intelligence, but it will definitely be cool.” —Colin Angle
“Anything that could give rise to smarter-than-human intelligence—in the form of Artificial Intelligence, brain-computer interfaces, or neuroscience-based human intelligence enhancement – wins hands down beyond contest as doing the most to change the world. Nothing else is even in the same league.” —Eliezer Yudkowsky
“Artificial intelligence is growing up fast, as are robots whose facial expressions can elicit empathy and make your mirror neurons quiver.” —Diane Ackerman
“Someone on TV has only to say, ‘Alexa,’ and she lights up. She’s always ready for action, the perfect woman, never says, ‘Not tonight, dear.’” —Sybil Sage, as quoted in a New York Times article
“Some people worry that artificial intelligence will make us feel inferior, but then, anybody in his right mind should have an inferiority complex every time he looks at a flower.” —Alan Kay
“Artificial intelligence will reach human levels by around 2029. Follow that out further to, say, 2045, we will have multiplied the intelligence, the human biological machine intelligence of our civilization a billion-fold.” —Ray Kurzweil
“Nobody phrases it this way, but I think that artificial intelligence is almost a humanities discipline. It’s really an attempt to understand human intelligence and human cognition.” —Sebastian Thrun
“There is no reason and no way that a human mind can keep up with an artificial intelligence machine by 2035.” —Gray Scott
“Is artificial intelligence less than our intelligence?” —Spike Jonze
“The sad thing about artificial intelligence is that it lacks artifice and therefore intelligence.” —Jean Baudrillard
“Forget artificial intelligence – in the brave new world of big data, it’s artificial idiocy we should be looking out for.” —Tom Chatfield“Before we work on artificial intelligence why don’t we do something about natural stupidity?” —Steve Polyak
“Karma of humans is AI”
― Raghu Venkatesh
“People worry that computers will get too smart and take over the world, but the real problem is that they’re too stupid and they’ve already taken over the world.”
― Pedro Domingos
We have some catching up to do in the area of machine learning and artificial intelligence.
– Klaus Froehlich
What I see is an AI first world, and for every customer… to be able to get a whole another generation of productivity out of artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning.
– Chief Executive Marc Benioff
Signature-based malware detection is dead. Machine learning based Artificial Intelligence is the most potent defense the next gen adversary and the mutating hash.
– James Scott
(Users) give us a signal and then machines take that input and effectively use machine-learning models to find out what your tastes are and try to get you to have an affinity for it.
– Shiva Rajaraman
In the past, Apple has not been at the vanguard of machine learning and cutting edge artificial intelligence work, but that is rapidly changing, they are after the best and the brightest, just like everybody else.
– Oren Etzioni
“Whoever perceives that robots and artificial intelligence are merely here to serve humanity, think again. With virtual domestic assistants and driverless cars just the latest in a growing list of applications, it is we humans who risk becoming dumbed down and ultimately subservient to machines.”
― Alex Morritt, Impromptu Scribe
little learning is a dangerous thing; Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring.
– Alexander Pope
Real learning, attentive, real learning, deep learning, is playful and frustrating and joyful and discouraging and exciting and sociable and private all the time, which is what makes it great.
– Eleanor Duckworth
We would have more if the talent was there to be had. Last year, the cost of a top, world-class deep learning expert was about the same as a top NFL quarterback prospect. The cost of that talent is pretty remarkable.
– Peter Lee
Vague and mysterious forms of speech, and abuse of language, have so long passed for mysteries of science; and hard or misapplied words with little or no meaning have, by prescription, such a right to be mistaken for deep learning and height of speculation, that it will not be easy to persuade either those who speak or those who hear them, that they are but the covers of ignorance and hindrance of true knowledge.
– John Locke
However, the more significant aspect of all this for us is that Alpha Go isn’t just an expert system built with handcrafted rules like, for example, DeepBlue was, but instead it uses general machine learning techniques to figure out for itself how to win at Go, the ultimate challenge, though, which still lies ahead, is to beat one of the best players in the world.
– Demis Hassabis
Deep learning doesn’t shine.
– Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach
I think people need to understand that deep learning is making a lot of things, behind-the-scenes, much better. Deep learning is already working in Google search, and in image search; it allows you to image search a term like “hug.”
– Geoffrey Hinton
In deep learning, the algorithms we use now are versions of the algorithms we were developing in the 1980s, the 1990s. People were very optimistic about them, but it turns out they didn’t work too well.
– Geoffrey Hinton
Cyber hygiene, patching vulnerabilities, security by design, threat hunting and machine learning based artificial intelligence are mandatory prerequisites for cyber defense against the next generation threat landscape.
– James Scott